Préfixe employé en chimie, et désignant un produit obtenu par alkylation, ou alkyle. Alcoyle. || Ex. : alkylaryl (avec le rad. aryl); alkylbenzène; alkylsulfate.

Encyclopédie Universelle. 2012.

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  • alkyl — alkyl …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • alkyl — [al′kil΄] n. [ ALK(ALI) + YL] a noncyclic saturated hydrocarbon radical with the general formula CnH2n+1: also alkyl radical alkylic adj …   English World dictionary

  • Alkyl — Alkyl, s. Alkoholradikal …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alkyl — An alkyl is a univalent radical consisting of carbon and hydrogen atoms, arranged in a chain. The alkyls form a homologous series with the general formula CnH2n+1. They include methyl , CH3· (named after methane ), ethyl (C2H5·), propyl (C3H7·),… …   Wikipedia

  • alkyl — 1. A hydrocarbon radical of the general formula CnH2n+1. 2. A compound, such as tetraethyl lead, in which a metal is combined with a. radicals. SYN: alkide. arylated a. SYN: aralkyl. * * * al·kyl al kəl adj …   Medical dictionary

  • alkyl — /al keuhl/, Chem. adj. 1. containing an alkyl group. n. 2. an alkyl group. [1880 85; < G, equiv. to Alk(ohol) ALCOHOL + yl YL] * * * …   Universalium

  • alkyl — I. adjective Date: 1879 having a monovalent organic group and especially one CnH2n+1 (as methyl) derived from an alkane (as methane) II. noun Etymology: probably from German, from Alkohol alcohol Date: 1889 a compound of one or more alkyl groups… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Alkyl — Alkyle Les alkyles dérivent des alcanes (molécules linéaires ou ramifiées hydrocarbonées saturées) par la perte d un atome d hydrogène. Sommaire 1 Caractère radicalaire 2 Substituants en chimie organique 3 Nomenclature …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alkyl — Al|kyl 〈n. 11; Chem.〉 = Alkylgruppe * * * Al|kyl, das; s, e [zu ↑ Alkohol u. griech. hýlē = Stoff, Materie] (Chemie): einwertiger Kohlenwasserstoffrest, dessen Verbindung z. B. mit einer Hydroxylgruppe einfache ↑ Alkohole (1) liefert. * * * …   Universal-Lexikon

  • alkyl — adj. containing an alkyl group (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

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